Doc4Care Knowledge Base


An urologist is a doctor who has an expertise in solving problems of the male and female urinary tract and male reproductive organs. The organs under the purview of an urologist are kidneys, adrenal glands, urinary bladder, urethra, penis, testes, seminal vesicles, etc. As the domain of study involves a range of clinical problems, knowledge of paediatrics, gynaecology, internal medicine and other specialities are a must for a urologist.

What does an Urologist do?

Urology specialists examine the urinary tract and reproductive organs to diagnose disorders and diseases. Sometimes they carry out surgeries to remove kidney stones and other obstructions in the urinary tract. Few urologist consultants are trained in reconstructive surgery and they perform operations on genitalia abnormalities amongst other things. Using ultrasounds, X-rays, fluoroscopes and catheters they diagnose conditions of patients. They can also perform various procedures to treat kidney and bladder cancers.

Urology Diseases Treated by Urologists

An urologist surgeon treats the following urology problems and disorders:

  • Enlarged prostate
  • Kidney stones
  • Renal cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Infertility in males
  • Prostate cryosurgery
  • Periurethral bulking

Sub disciplines

Urology can be broken into several sub disciplines. Some of the sub disciplines are:

  • Endourology
  • Urological oncology
  • Reconstructive urology
  • Andrology
  • Female urology
  • Functional urology
  • Paediatric urology

The field is very competitive and urologists undergo a rigorous post-graduate surgical training period. Patients should visit an urologist if they feel any kind of disorder in their urinary system.

Posted on 20 September, 2016