What is Neurology?
Neurology deals with the study and treatment of the body's nervous system. The human nervous system regulates and coordinates activities of the body and has two major divisions:
- Peripheral nervous system
- Central nervous system
Neurology deals with the treatment of all the conditions and diseases related to these two divisions and the other subdivisions.
What does a neurologist do?
Neurologists or nerve doctors diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system including diseases of the brain, nerves, spinal cord and nerves. They may also be involved in clinical trials and clinical research. A neuro physician:
- Examines the nerves of the neck and head and other nerves
- Checks muscle strength and movement
- Monitors speech, language and cognitive abilities
A neurologist may also order diagnostic tests such as:
- MRI scan
- CT scan
More than 600 known neurological disorders affect the nervous system. These disorders take enormous toll on the conditions of patients and their families. Physical injury to brain, spinal cord and nerves can cause these disorders while sometimes they can result from biochemical causes. Given below are some of the types of neurological disorders in adults and children:
- Alzheimer's disease
- Parkinson's disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Brain tumors
- Migraine and other headache disorders
- Tourette's syndrome
- Cerebral palsy
- West syndrome
- Obsessive compulsive disorder
- Tumors of the nervous system
- Complex regional pain syndrome
- Spinal Cord disorders
If patients require surgery, neurologists refer them to neurosurgeons.
Neurological disorders symptoms
A neurological disorder is defined as a disorder of the body's nervous system. Signs of neurological diseases depend on the type of disorder. While in some cases, there might be physical symptoms, in others there are emotional symptoms. Some of the physical symptoms of neurology problems are:
- Muscle weakness
- Decreased alertness
- Complete or partial paralysis
- Poor cognitive abilities
The emotional symptoms may include mood swings or sudden outbursts. Patients may also suffer from depression or delusions. It is important to consult a neurology consultant right away in such cases.
Rare neurological disorder
Some of the rare neurological disorders are:
- Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes
- Batten Disease
Subspecialties in neurology
Neurology consultants may develop subspecialties into:
- Neuromuscular medicine
- Clinical Neurophysiology
- Neurodevelopmental Disabilities
- Vascular Neurology
- Paediatric Neurology
If you are suffering from neurological disorders, it is vital to seek help of a neuro physician immediately. If the physician finds that surgery is required then he/she may refer to a neurosurgeon.