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IVF & Fertility

IVF & Fertility

In vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a process through which an egg is fertilised by a sperm outside the body of a woman. In this process, an egg and sperm are combined in a laboratory dish and the embryo is then transferred to the uterus. IVF is one form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and is a popular choice of treatment for infertile couples. IVF & Fertility techniques are also implemented in gestational surrogacy. It is an expensive procedure.

Reasons to use IVF Fertility Treatments

IVF fertility treatments are used to treat infertility among patients:

  • Who have damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
  • Who are suffering from ovulation disorder
  • Suffering from premature ovarian failure
  • With genetic disorder
  • Who have had their fallopian tubes removed
  • Who have low sperm counts
  • Who have an unexplained fertility problem

IVF Fertility Process

The IVF Fertility treatment has these basic steps:

Stimulation (Super Ovulation)

Here fertility drugs are given to boost egg production in a woman. While in normal circumstances, only one egg is produced per month, these drugs boost ovaries to produce multiple eggs.

Egg Retrieval

The eggs are retrieved through a minor surgery called follicular aspiration. The surgery is performed on an outpatient basis.


The sperm is placed with the egg and mixing is done. The mixing of egg and sperm is known as insemination.

Transfer of embryo

The embryo is placed in the womb of a woman 3-5 days after the retrieval of egg and fertilization. The process is done while the woman is awake and more than one embryo can be placed in the womb of a woman.

What to eat during IVF?

IVF Diet Plan

Patients undergoing In vitro fertilization (IVF) need to make some changes in their lifestyle to increase chances of pregnancy. It is advisable to lower intake of alcohol, caffeine and nicotine. Here is an IVF diet advice.

It is essential to avoid major changes in diet once the process has started, particularly after the implementation of eggs.

  • Lean proteins: Proteins are an important part of a balanced IVF diet. However, it is vital to keep in mind that there are many protein-rich foods with high fat content. These foods can decrease fertility. It is a good practice to alternate between fish, poultry, nuts, beans, peas, quiona, etc.
  • Fish: Fish not only contains proteins but also omega-3 fatty acids that can help increase fertility. Omega-3 fatty acids are helpful to reproductive health.
  • Folic acid: Folic acid increases fertility rates and prevents birth defects. Foods rich in folic acid are dark green leafy vegetables, corn, cereals, citrus fruits, etc.
  • Zinc: Lack of zinc can hurt the reproductive system. Hence, it is vital to have foods rich in zinc such as nuts, mushrooms, spinach, nuts, etc.

It is essential to avoid foods rich in trans fat (fried foods, beef) and mercury (fish such as tuna, mackerel and swordfish. It is also essential to make subtle changes in lifestyle during the process. Reducing extreme forms of exercise such as running, weightlifting, etc. is advisable. It is also vital to avoid extreme heat and lower stress levels.

IVF Fertility Drugs Side Effects

IVF fertility drugs side effects vary from patients to patients. Skin irritation, abdominal bloating, headache, nausea, breast tenderness, etc. are some of the common IVF side effects of medications taken during the process.

Posted on 20 September, 2016