Gynaecology deals with the health of the female reproductive system. A gynecologist is a medical doctor or surgeon who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of a women's reproductive system (uterus, vagina, fallopian tubes, vulva, cervix and ovaries). Gynaecologists also specialize in menstrual problems, infertility, menopause, contraception, etc. In the modern world, almost all gynaecologists are obstetricians as in many areas specialities of both these fields overlap.
How to become a gynecologist in the UK?
In order to become a gynaecologist (gyn) in the UK, candidates first must complete 4 years of medical school. It is then followed by a 4-year gynaecology residency programme. Candidates willing to specialize in a subspecialty need to undertake an additional fellowship. The duration of the additional fellowship is usually 1 to 3 years. The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in London encourages study, practise and advancement in the gynaecology and obstetrics.
Conditions treated by a gynaecologist
Following are the conditions treated by a gynaecologist:
It is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. It is mostly seen during breastfeeding and pregnancy.
It is the inability of a woman to conceive. The most common cause of female infertility is ovulatory problems.
Endometrial ablation / Uterine ablation
Endometrial ablation destroys the uterine lining and is used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding. It can be done by laser beam, freezing, electricity, radiofrequency, etc. The procedure has some side effects like nausea, cramping and vaginal discharge.
Menstrual periods with abnormally heavy or prolonged bleeding is called menorrhagia. There are many effective treatments for the condition.
Apart from the above conditions, a gynaecologist also treats conditions such as the incontinence of urine, prolape of pelvic organs, infections of the vagina and other vaginal diseases.
Tumours of the uterus and ovaries.
Gynaecologists also deal with malignancy of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubules. Some gynaecologists, specialise in this field of gynaecology oncology.
Gynaecological patients can range from those who are suffering from chronic disorders to acute emergency presentation. Gynaecology is of varied speciality where unexpected challenges may come up. Over the last few years, there has been significant advancement in techniques and procedures that have transformed health of women.