Doc4Care Knowledge Base


ENT (Otorhinolaryngologist)

An ear nose and throat (ENT) doctor, more properly called a otorhinolaryngologist,  is a surgeon trained in the surgical and medical treatment of ears, nose and throat and related structures of neck and head. An ENT surgeon has expertise in managing diseases related to nose, ears, larynx, nasal passage sinuses and upper pharynx.  This medical speciality is called Otorhinolaryngology.

Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) Higher Training in the United Kingdom

Entrance in otorhinolaryngology higher training in the United Kingdom is competitive. The selection process is quite rigorous. The programme consists of 6 years of higher surgical training following which the surgeon usually undertake s a fellowship in a sub-speciality before becoming a consultant. This subspecialty training is usually termed an ASTO (Advanced subspecialty training opportunity) if done in the last few months of the higher surgical training programme (HST), or a fellowship if undertaken after completion of HST.


Some of the sub-specialities in the subject are:

  • Surgical oncology
  • Reconstruction
  • Endocrine surgery
  • Endoscopic surgery
  • Facial cosmetic surgery
  • Maxillofacial
  • Ear
  • Hearing
  • Balance
  • Snoring
  • Deviated nasal septum
  • Anterior skull base
  • Dizziness
  • Middle and inner ear
  • Temporal bone
  • Skull base
  • Voice disorders
  • Phono-surgery
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Velopalatine insufficiency
  • Cochlear implant/BAHA
  • Apnea and snoring

Treatment provided by ENT Doctors

As said above, ear nose and throat specialists manage and treat diseases of the ears, nose and throat.


These doctors are trained in the medical as well as surgical treatment of ear infections, hearing loss, balance disorders, etc. They also treat cranial nerve disorders and manage birth disorders of the outer and inner ear.


Care of nose and nasal cavity is one of the one of the primary skills of an ENT specialist. Allergies, nasal obstruction, polyps, etc. are some of the most common problems treated by ENT doctors. Nasal respiration and the nose’s external appearance are also within their area of expertise.


Managing diseases of the larynx and oesophagus is another area of expertise of ENT doctors. Disorders of swallowing voice and respiration nare some of the throat conditions treated by an ear nose and throat specialist.

Head and Neck

Common diseases pertaining to head and neck are tumors, facial trauma, face deformities, etc.  Reconstructive and cosmetic plastic surgeries are also performed by ENT doctors.

Collaboration with other doctors

In some cases, an ENT specialist needs to collaborate with other doctors to treat conditions. For example, he/she may need to work with an ophthalmologist to treat abnormalities near the eye.

If you are experiencing problems in your ears, nose or throat, visit an ENT clinic right away.

Posted on 2 May, 2016